Recently, I designed and facilitated my first blended learning course after spending a summer reading related scholarship (see Garrison and Vaughan). Google Docs evolved as the choice destination for collaborative, asynchronous meetings. Retrospectively, I think of Google Docs as having served the dual function of classroom meeting and working space as well composing and discussion tool or platform. Using Google Docs, I was able to facilitate reasonably successful discussions, peer reviews, and collaborative compositions and projects.
One primary way I used Google Docs in this course was to facilitate online, small group discussion (usually 3-4 students). I created the docs for each group and ensured the doc was shared amongst group members. When students accessed the doc, they saw questions I had posted about the reading along with instructions for responding to the questions as well as to one another using the comment feature. I also engaged in the dialogue by posting responses to the discussion that were geared either toward individuals or the entire group. In addition to linguistic-based responses, students also included images, videos, and/or audio to help them engage in a multimodal meaning-making experience.
At this point, I anticipate the question, “Why not just use Blackboard?” and will, at the very least, offer some thoughtful reflection regarding why my students and I gravitated toward Google Docs instead. Initially, I did use Blackboard as a classroom workplace/space because of its affordances such as threaded conversations, nested comments, and student access. However, I want to explore the possibility that using a digital tool like Google Docs for discussion fosters a more dynamic and engaging (also user-friendly) experience and view of the discussion.
Although the organizational structure of the Blackboard discussion board presents as an affordance, responses are compartmentalized, and users must move between nested comment threads when participating in a discussion. Arguably such a structure is necessary for large group or whole class discussions online where without this sort of compartmentalization the discussion potentially become unwieldy and difficult to navigate. However, for smaller group discussions, using Google Docs gives users a more “immediate” sort of communicative experience by presenting the discussion in its entirety at first glance. “Bob’s” initial post directly follows “Jane’s” initial post, which is immediately preceded by “Kara’s” initial post. Then, Bob, Jane, and Kara (and the instructor) can all easily dialogue with one another by commenting directly on each other’s posts, highlighting and responding to specific ideas. The group can then read the discussion as an interactive whole where comments sprinkled throughout reflect, I think, the organic nature of a classroom discussion.
I have not collected data to measure students’ perceptions of using Google Docs as a collaborative class meeting space and as a tool for facilitating discussion and learning, but I think it might be worthwhile to do so. Anecdotally, several students conveyed that they enjoyed meeting in and using Google Docs and that they transferred the skills they acquired using this digital tool to other academic and work-related projects outside of our classroom.
Overall, Google Docs proved to be a useful digital tool for collaborating, dialoguing, chatting, and commenting as well as inventing, writing, and revising, but I do plan to change some of the logistics. Going forward, in an effort to make my own workload more manageable, I plan to keep groups consistent rather than rotate group members, create a course file for each group, and make group members responsible for creating their own group docs for the discussions and other various assignments. I hypothesize that doing so will also support my ancillary goal of using digital tools to facilitate a sense of community amongst students.
I hope to hear from others who have used Google Docs for similar and different purposes and who can help me think further about how to refine my use of this digital tool for discussion.
Garrison, D. R., & Vaughan, N. (2008). Blended learning in higher education: Framework, principles, and guidelines. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Another reason for not using Blackboard is that Google Docs actually migrates into the professional realm. Regardless of career path, Google Docs and other collaborative platforms offer incredible means of communicating cross-departmentally. I'm not sure about how Blackboard compares to Google Docs but I imagine that the latter offers far more options. On aspect that strikes me is the difference in the way dialog emerges much more organically as you describe.
As a student, the simultaneous collaboration on a book chapter with Dr. Shelley Rodrigo on Google Docs left quite an impression. Through the platform, I was able to witness how someone else writes! Witnessing the formation of a sentence by an established writer and observing the way the text is managed to flow as it happens - incredible! I hope to work this type of experience into my classrooms somehow and evaluate student responses - what are their impressions of watching their peers wrestle with writing?
Great post Sarah!
While I have not used
While I have not used googledocs for group discussion, I am using for a group project in one of my first-year composition courses (FYC). It is perhaps because it is one of the first times I have had such access to my student's writing process (I created the groups so I have seen their projects move from planning and invention to now drafts. They seem to like the commenting and chat features. If nothing else, I have learned more about the FYC writing process than I have before. I will let you know about their responses to the assignment when they are done.
Helping me gear up for OWI
Sarah (and those who commented), thank you! I'm gearing up to teach an online digital writing class for the first time, and you've given me some great ideas. I've recommended google docs to students but have never required it; instead, I've always relied on Blackboard as a one-stop-shop for all course materials.
I've personally noticed Kristopher's point as well. When I collaborate on google docs, I always find myself watching what the other writer is doing. I never considered the fact that I'm a little mesmerized by seeing the cursor tap out words, then delete, then jump to a new paragraph, pause, tap out more. FYC students may benefit from watching their fellow students write, as Kristopher says, and I think I'll include some kind of reflection on this idea in my online collaborative assignments this summer.
Add new comment