In George Stevens’ Penny Serenade (1941), a couple’s phonograph records symbolize the peaks and valleys of their marriage, which at the start of the film, seems to be over. As Julie Adams (Irene Dunne) is packing to leave, she picks up an old album of 78-rpm records, each holding a special memory. In fact, Penny Serenade’s narrative vignettes are built around the phonograph records in that album. With each new record played, a new flashback recounts Julie’s relationship with Roger Adams (Cary Grant). In Penny Serenade, the phonograph is a memory machine--each record a means of time travel. Later in the film, the couple’s friend Apple Jack (Edgar Buchanan) says to Julie, “Those fool songs kind of take you back, don’t they?” While Penny Serenade is drenched in nostalgia for many current viewers, the phonograph was already a subject of nostalgia when the film was made. Because of their affective power, we fetishize songs and the machines that we used to play them. Is there something unique about recorded sound’s ability to summon memories and all the emotions associated with them? What is the affective role of recorded sound in relation to memory? Does aural media have some unique role in cueing memory, in relation to other media forms?