This audiovisual essay is the fourth that I have produced on the subject of camera movement in studio-era Hollywood. All four serve as companion pieces to my book The Dynamic Frame: Camera Movement in Classical Hollywood. This fourth video focuses on a technique that I call the “recognition” shot, wherein the camera dollies toward a character who is experiencing a moment of realization. I start by asking why a single shot from Phantom Lady (Siodmak, 1944) seems so lively. This question leads to a consideration of the film’s status as a “working-girl investigator” film (to borrow a term from Helen Hanson) and then to an extended comparison with Sorry, Wrong Number (Litvak, 1948), where a similar technique is deployed to very different effect.
 See Patrick Keating, “A Homeless Ghost: The Moving Camera and Its Analogies,” [in]Transition: A Journal of Videographic Film & Moving Image Studies 2, no. 4 (2016), http://mediacommons.org/intransition/2015/12/29/homeless-ghost; Patrick Keating, “Motifs of Movement and Modernity,” Movie: A Journal of Film Criticism 7 (2017), http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/film/movie; PDF: https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/scapvc/film/movie/contents/keating._motifs_of_modernity.pdf; and Patrick Keating, “The Strange Streets of a Strange City: The Ambersons Montage,” NECSUS: European Journal of Media Studies (Spring 2018), https://necsus-ejms.org/the-strange-streets-of-a-strange-city-the-ambersons-montage.
 Helen Hanson, Hollywood Heroines: Women in Film Noir and the Female Gothic Film (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007), 25.
Biography: Patrick Keating is a Professor in the Department of Communication at Trinity University, where he teaches courses in film studies and video production. His most recent books are The Dynamic Frame: Camera Movement in Classical Hollywood (Columbia UP, 2019) and Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (U of Texas P, 2021). He participated in the first workshop on videographic criticism at Middlebury College in 2015, and his subsequent video essays have appeared in the online journals [in]Transition, Movie, and NECSUS.
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